Barka da zuwa shafin yanar gizon mu.

Ilimi

Basic ilmi game da kebul na igiya

Automotive wayoyi kayan doki

Hararfin igiyar mota (abin hawan igiyar mota) ya fahimci haɗuwa ta zahiri ta wutan lantarki da sassan lantarki daban-daban akan motar. An rarraba kayan aikin wayoyi a ko'ina cikin abin hawa. Idan aka kwatanta injin da zuciyar mota, to kayan aikin wayoyi shine tsarin hanyar sadarwar motar, wanda ke da alhakin watsa bayanai tsakanin bangarorin lantarki na abin hawa.

Akwai nau'ikan tsarin guda biyu don kera kayan haɗin kera motoci

(1) Raba ta ƙasashen Turai da Amurka, gami da China, ana amfani da tsarin TS16949 don sarrafa tsarin masana'anta.

(2) Mafi yawa a Japan: Toyota, Honda, suna da nasu tsarin don sarrafa tsarin ƙera masana'antu.

Masu kera wayoyin kera motoci suna da nasu na musamman kuma suna ba da mahimmanci ga ƙwarewar ƙirar kebul da sarrafa tsadar kebul. Manyan tsire-tsire masu amfani da waya a duniya galibi sun dogara ne akan wayoyi da igiyoyi, irin su Yazaki, Sumitomo, Leni, Guhe, Fujikura, kelop, Jingxin, da sauransu.

Takaitaccen gabatarwar kayan gama gari don kayan aiki na wayoyin mota

1. Waya (ƙananan waya mai ƙarfin lantarki, 60-600v)

Iri wayoyi:

Layin daidaitaccen ƙasa: QVR, QFR, QVVR, qbv, qbv, da dai sauransu

Alamar yau da kullun: AV, AVS, AVSS, AEX, AVX, cavus, EB, TW, she-g, da sauransu

Alamar Jamusanci: flry-a, flry-b, da dai sauransu

Layin Amurka: Sxl, da sauransu

Specificayyadaddun bayanai na yau da kullun sune wayoyi tare da yanki na yanki na 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 6.0 murabba'in mm

2. Kwanson sa

Kullin (kwasfa na roba) yawanci ana yinsa ne da filastik. An saka madugu na matattarar tashar cikin ta don tabbatar da amincin haɗi. Kayan yafi hada PA6, PA66, ABS, PBT, PP, da sauransu

3. Terminal

Abun kayan aiki mai fasali, wanda aka lakafta akan waya don haɗa wayoyi daban-daban don watsa sigina, gami da tashar namiji, tashar mace, tashar zobe da madauwari m, da dai sauransu.

Babban kayan sune tagulla da tagulla (taurin tagulla ya ɗan ƙasa da na tagulla), kuma asusun tagulla na da babban rabo.

2. Kayan kwalliyar kwalliya: Kushin ruwa, toshe makaho, zoben rufewa, farantin kulle, runguma, da sauransu

Ana amfani dashi gaba ɗaya don samar da mai haɗawa tare da tashar ƙarancin wuta

3. Ta hanyar sassan roba na ramin igiyar waya

Ya na da ayyuka na lalacewa juriya, mai hana ruwa da kuma sealing. An rarraba shi galibi a tsakanin masanin injiniya da taksi, yanayin tsakanin gidan gaba da taksi (hagu da dama gaba ɗaya), musayar tsakanin ƙofofi huɗu (ko ƙofar baya) da motar, da tankin mai. mashiga

4. ieulla (clip)

Asali, wanda galibi aka yi da filastik, ana amfani dashi don ɗaukar igiyar waya a cikin motar. Akwai dangantaka, bellows kulle dangantaka.

5. Kayan bututu

Raba a corrugated bututu, PVC zafi shrinkable bututu, fiberglass bututu. Braided bututu, Tuddan bututu, da dai sauransu Don kare wayoyi kayan aiki.

① Bellows

Gabaɗaya, ana amfani da kusan kashi 60% ko ma fiye da bel ɗinsa a ɗaure. Babban fasalin shine juriya mai kyau, ƙarfin zafin jiki mai ƙarfi, jinkirin harshen wuta da ƙwarin zafi suna da kyau a yankin mai yawan zafin jiki. Juriya mai zafi na bellows shine - 40-150 ℃. Kayanta gabaɗaya ya kasu kashi biyu cikin PP da pa2. PA ya fi PP kyau a cikin jinkirin wuta da kuma sanya juriya, amma PP ya fi PA kyau a lanƙwasa gajiya.

Function Aikin bututun da ke rage zafin PVC daidai yake da na bututu mai lankwasa. PVC bututu sassauci da lankwasawa nakasawa juriya ne mai kyau, kuma PVC bututu an kullum rufe, don haka PVC bututu ne yafi amfani a reshe na kayan doki lanƙwasa, don haka da cewa zai sa waya m miƙa mulki. Yanayin zafin zafin na bututun PVC ba mai tsayi bane, gabaɗaya ƙasa da 80 ℃.

6. Kaset

Production tef: rauni a farfajiya na kayan waya. (an raba shi zuwa PVC, tef na soso, tef na zane, tef na takarda, da sauransu). Tef na tantance ingancin abu: ana amfani dashi don gano lahanin kayan samfuran.

Tef ɗin yana taka rawar ɗaurewa, juriya ta jurewa, rufi, raƙuman wuta, rage hayaniya, alama da sauran ayyuka a cikin layin waya, wanda yawanci ya kai kimanin 30% na kayan ɗaurewa. Akwai tef iri uku don kayan aiki na waya: tef na PVC, tef ɗin flannel na iska da tef ɗin zane. Tef ɗin PVC yana da juriya mai kyau da jinkirin harshen wuta, kuma ƙarancin zafin jiki ya kusan 80 ℃, don haka rage sautinsa ba shi da kyau kuma farashinsa ba shi da ƙasa kaɗan. Kayan tebur na flannel da kaset mai ƙyallen maƙalar dabbobi ne. Tef ɗin flannel yana da mafi kyawun ɗaurewa da rage hayaniya, kuma ƙarfin zafin jiki yana kusan 105 ℃; tef ɗin zane yana da mafi kyawun juriya, kuma matsakaicin ƙarfin zafin jiki kusan 150 ℃. Fa'idodi da yawa na tef ɗin flannel da teburin ƙyallen zane sune rashin jinkirin harshen wuta da tsada.

Sanin kayan aiki da igiyar mota

Kayan aiki na wayoyin mota

Kayan haɗin keɓaɓɓen motoci shine babban jikin cibiyar sadarwar mota. Ba tare da igiyar wutan lantarki ba, ba za a sami hanyar mota. A halin yanzu, ko motar alfarma ce ko motar tattalin arziki, kayan aikin wayoyi daidai suke, wanda aka haɗa da wayoyi, masu haɗawa da tef.

Wayar Mota kuma ana kiranta waya mai ƙananan ƙarfin lantarki, wanda ya bambanta da wayar gida ta yau da kullun. Talakawa na gida waya ce ta jan ƙarfe, tare da wani taurin. Wayoyin motar sune wayoyi masu jan ƙarfe masu ƙarfin ƙarfe, wasu daga cikinsu suna da siriri kamar gashi. Da yawa ko wayoyi da yawa na wayoyin jan ƙarfe masu laushi an lulluɓe su a cikin bututun roba (PVC), waɗanda suke da taushi kuma ba su da sauƙi a fasa.

ba a bayyana ba

Specificayyadaddun bayanai game da wayoyi a cikin keken wayoyin kera motoci sun haɗa da wayoyi tare da yanki na yanki na 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 6.0, da dai sauransu kowanne ɗayansu yana da ƙimar ɗaukar nauyi a halin yanzu, wanda ake amfani da shi don wayoyi na kayan amfani da makamashi daban-daban. Harauki kayan hawan abin misali, layin bayani na 0.5 ya dace da fitilar kayan aiki, fitilar mai nuna alama, fitilar ƙofar, fitilar rufi, da sauransu; Layin ƙayyadaddun 0.75 ya dace da fitilar faranti na lasisi, ƙananan fitilu na gaba da na baya, fitilar birki, da sauransu; Layin ƙayyadaddun 1.0 ya dace da fitilar sigina, fitilar hazo, da sauransu; 1.5 layin bayani dalla-dalla ya dace da murfin kai, kaho, da sauransu; babban layin wutar lantarki irin su janareto armature waya, grounding waya, da dai sauransu na bukatar 2.5-4mm2 waya. Wannan kawai yana nufin motar gabaɗaya, maɓallin ya dogara da ƙimar halin yanzu na lodi. Misali, ana amfani da wayar ƙasa ta batirin da kuma layin wutar mai amfani daban don wayoyin mota. Girman igiyoyin waya suna da girma, aƙalla fiye da milimita goma murabba'i. Waɗannan wayoyin "Big Mac" ba za a haɗa su cikin babban kayan aiki ba.

Kafin shirya kayan aiki na wayoyi, yakamata a zana zane irin wayoyi a gaba, wanda yasha bamban da zane-zanen kewaye. Zane-zane zane-zane hoto ne wanda ke bayyana alaƙar da ke tsakanin sassa daban-daban na lantarki. Baya nuna yadda kayan wuta suke hade da juna, kuma ba ya shafar girma da fasalin kowane bangaren lantarki da kuma nisan dake tsakaninsu. Dole ne zane-zanen wayoyi ya yi la’akari da girma da fasalin kowane abu na lantarki da kuma nisan dake tsakanin su, sannan kuma ya nuna yadda kayan lantarkin suke da alaƙa da juna.

Ba a bayyana ba

Bayan da ma'aikacin ma'aikatar kera wayon ya sanya allunan wayoyi a jikin zanen zanen, ma'aikacin zai yanke waya da waya bisa ga ka'idojin hukumar kula da wayoyin. Babban kayan haɗin motar duka an kasu gabaɗaya zuwa injin (ƙonewa, EFI, samar da wuta, farawa), kayan aiki, haske, kwandishan, na'urorin lantarki masu taimako da sauran sassa, gami da babban kayan aiki da kayan aiki na reshe. Babban abin hawan abin hawa yana da kayan haɗin igiya da yawa, kamar sandar itace da reshe. Panelungiyar kayan aiki shine ainihin ɓangaren babban kayan aiki na duk abin hawa, wanda ya faɗaɗa gaba da gaba. Dangane da tsayin daka ko taron da ya dace da sauran dalilai, an rarraba wayoyi na wasu motoci zuwa kayan dokin kai (gami da kayan aiki, injin, haduwar haske na gaba, kwandishan iska, batir), kayan bayan baya (taron fitilun wutsiya, fitilar fitila, fitilar akwati), kayan aiki na rufi (kofa, fitilar rufi, ƙahon sauti), da dai sauransu. Kowane ƙarshen abin ɗamarar za a yi masa alama da lambobi da haruffa don nuna abin haɗin waya. Mai ba da sabis na iya ganin cewa alamar za a iya haɗa ta daidai da wayoyi masu dacewa da na'urorin lantarki, waɗanda ke da amfani musamman yayin gyara ko sauya abin ɗamarar. A lokaci guda, an raba launi na waya zuwa layi mai launi ɗaya da layi mai launi biyu. Hakanan an bayyana ma'anar launi, wanda gabaɗaya shine daidaitaccen abin da mai sana'ar kerawa. Ka'idodin masana'antar China kawai sun ƙayyade babban launi, alal misali, ana amfani da baƙar fata guda ɗaya don shimfidar waya, ana amfani da jan monochrome don layin wutar lantarki, wanda ba za a iya rikicewa ba.

Isarfin waya an lulluɓe shi da zaren waya ko tef na roba. Don aminci, aiki da kiyayewa mai sauƙi, an kawar da saƙar waya. Yanzu an nannade shi da tef na roba mai laushi. Ana amfani da mai haɗawa ko lug don haɗawa tsakanin kayan aiki da kayan ɗamara kuma tsakanin kayan aiki da sassan lantarki. Haɗin mahaɗin an yi shi ne da filastik kuma yana da toshe da soket. Ana haɗa haɗin igiya tare da kayan haɗin waya ta mai haɗawa, kuma haɗin haɗin tsakanin kayan aiki da sassan lantarki an haɗa shi ta mahaɗin ko lug.

Tare da karuwar aikin mota da yaduwar aikace-aikacen fasahar kula da lantarki, daɗa kayan haɗin lantarki, da wayoyi da yawa, da kayan haɗin waya zai zama mai kauri da nauyi. Sabili da haka, motar da ta ci gaba ta gabatar da daidaiton motar bas ta CAN, yana amfani da tsarin watsa abubuwa da yawa. Idan aka kwatanta da kayan aikin wayoyi na gargajiya, an rage adadin wayoyi da masu haɗawa sosai, wanda ke sa wayoyi su zama sauƙi.