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Sanin asali na kayan aikin wayoyi na mota

Kayan aikin waya na mota

Kayan aikin wayar hannu (motar wiring harness) yana gane haɗin jiki na wutar lantarki da sassa daban-daban na lantarki akan motar.Ana rarraba kayan aikin waya a duk abin hawa.Idan aka kwatanta injin da zuciyar mota, to, igiyoyin waya shine tsarin sadarwa na jijiyoyi na motar, wanda ke da alhakin watsa bayanai tsakanin sassa daban-daban na lantarki na motar.

Akwai nau'ikan tsari guda biyu don kera kayan aikin wayoyi na mota

(1) Ƙasashen Turai da Amurka sun raba, ciki har da Sin, ana amfani da tsarin TS16949 don sarrafa tsarin masana'antu.

(2) Galibi a Japan: Toyota, Honda, suna da nasu tsarin sarrafa tsarin masana'antu.

Masu kera na'urorin wayar hannu suna da nasu keɓantacce kuma suna haɗa mahimmancin ƙwarewar samar da kebul da sarrafa farashin kebul.Manyan masana'antun sarrafa waya na duniya galibi suna dogara ne akan wayoyi da igiyoyi, irin su Yazaki, Sumitomo, Leni, Guhe, Fujikura, kelop, Jingxin, da dai sauransu.

Taƙaitaccen gabatarwar kayan gama gari don kayan aikin wayoyi na mota

1. Waya (ƙananan wutar lantarki, 60-600v)

Nau'in wayoyi:

Ma'auni na ƙasa: QVR, QFR, QVVR, qbv, qbv, da dai sauransu

Alamar yau da kullun: AV, AVS, AVSS, AEX, AVX, cavus, EB, TW, she-g, da dai sauransu

Alamar Jamus: flry-a, flry-b, da sauransu

Layin Amurka: Sxl, da sauransu

Ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun bayanai sune wayoyi tare da yanki na yanki na 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 6.0 square mm

2. Kwafi

Kube (harsashin roba) yawanci ana yin shi da filastik.Ana shigar da mai gudanar da tashar da aka danna a ciki don tabbatar da amincin haɗin gwiwa.Kayan ya hada da PA6, PA66, ABS, PBT, PP, da dai sauransu

3. Tasha

Bangaren kayan masarufi mai siffa, wanda aka murɗa akan wayar don haɗa wayoyi daban-daban don watsa sigina, gami da tashar maza, tashar mata, tashar zobe da madauwari, da sauransu.

Babban kayan shine tagulla da tagulla (taurin tagulla ya ɗan yi ƙasa da na tagulla), kuma tagulla tana da adadi mai yawa.

2. Na'urorin haɗi na Sheath: Ƙunƙarar ruwa mai hana ruwa, toshe makafi, zoben rufewa, farantin kulle, manne, da dai sauransu

Ana amfani da shi gabaɗaya don ƙirƙirar haɗin haɗi tare da tashar kumfa

3. Ta hanyar ramin roba sassa na waya kayan aiki

Yana da ayyukan juriya na lalacewa, hana ruwa da rufewa.An fi rarraba shi a wurin mu'amala tsakanin injin da taksi, da mu'amala tsakanin gidan gaba da taksi (hagu da dama gabaɗaya), haɗin tsakanin kofofin huɗu (ko ƙofar baya) da motar, da tankin mai. shiga.

4. Daure (clip)

Ana amfani da asali, yawanci da filastik, don riƙe kayan aikin waya a cikin mota.Akwai ƙulle-ƙulle, ƙulle-ƙulle.

5. Kayan bututu

Rarraba cikin bututu mai lalata, PVC zafi shrinkable bututu, fiberglass bututu.Bututu mai lanƙwasa, bututu mai jujjuyawa, da sauransu. Don kare kayan aikin waya.

① Bello

Gabaɗaya, kusan 60% ko ma fiye da bellows ana amfani da su wajen ɗaure dauri.Babban fasalin shine juriya mai kyau, juriya mai zafi, ƙarancin wuta da juriya mai zafi suna da kyau sosai a yankin zafin jiki.A zafin jiki juriya na bellows ne -40-150 ℃.An rarraba kayan sa gabaɗaya zuwa PP da pa2.PA ya fi PP kyau a cikin jinkirin harshen wuta da juriya, amma PP ya fi PA a lankwasa gajiya.

② Aikin PVC zafi shrinkable bututu yayi kama da na corrugated bututu.PVC bututu sassauci da lankwasawa nakasawa juriya yana da kyau, kuma PVC bututu ne kullum rufe, don haka PVC bututu ne yafi amfani a reshe na kayan doki lankwasa, don yin waya santsi mika mulki.A zafi juriya zafin jiki na PVC bututu ba high, kullum kasa 80 ℃.

6. Tafe

Tef ɗin samarwa: rauni a saman kayan aikin waya.(an raba cikin PVC, tef ɗin soso, tef ɗin yadi, tef ɗin takarda, da sauransu).Tef ɗin tantance ingancin inganci: ana amfani da shi don gano lahani na samfuran samarwa.

Tef ɗin yana taka rawar ɗaure, sawa juriya, rufewa, hana wuta, rage amo, yin alama da sauran ayyuka a cikin tarin waya, wanda gabaɗaya ya kai kusan kashi 30% na kayan ɗaurin.Akwai nau'ikan tef guda uku don kayan aikin waya: tef ɗin PVC, tef ɗin flannel na iska da tef ɗin tushe.Tef ɗin PVC yana da juriya mai kyau da jinkirin harshen wuta, kuma juriyar zafinsa kusan 80 ℃ ne, don haka aikin rage amo ba shi da kyau kuma farashin sa yana da ƙasa kaɗan.Abubuwan tef ɗin flannel da tef ɗin tushe shine dabba.Tef ɗin flannel yana da mafi kyawun ɗauri da aikin rage amo, kuma juriya na zafin jiki kusan 105 ℃;Tef ɗin zane yana da mafi kyawun juriya, kuma matsakaicin juriya na zafin jiki shine kusan 150 ℃.Rashin amfanin gama gari na tef ɗin flannel da tef ɗin tufa shine rashin jin daɗin harshen wuta da tsada.

Sanin kayan aikin waya na mota

Kayan aikin waya na mota

Kayan aikin wayar hannu shine babban tsarin cibiyar sadarwar mota.Idan ba tare da kayan aikin waya ba, ba za a sami kewayar mota ba.A halin yanzu, ko mota ce ta alfarma ko kuma motar tattalin arziki, kayan aikin waya iri ɗaya ne, wanda ya ƙunshi wayoyi, haɗin kai da kuma tef ɗin nadi.

Wayar mota kuma ana kiranta da ƙananan wutan lantarki, wanda ya bambanta da na yau da kullun na gida.Wayar gida ta yau da kullun ita ce tagulla guda ɗaya ta tsakiya, tare da takamaiman tauri.Wayoyin motar sune wayoyi masu sassauƙa na tagulla, wasu siraran su ne kamar gashi.Da yawa ko ma da yawa na lallausan wayoyi na jan karfe ana nannade su a cikin bututun da aka keɓe na filastik (PVC), masu laushi kuma ba su da sauƙin karyewa.

wanda ba a bayyana ba

Ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun wayoyi a cikin kayan aikin wayoyi na mota sun haɗa da wayoyi tare da yanki na yanki na yanki na 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 6.0, da dai sauransu. na kayan amfani da wutar lantarki daban-daban.Ɗauki abin hawan abin hawa a matsayin misali, layin ƙayyadaddun 0.5 yana dacewa da fitilar kayan aiki, fitilar nuna alama, fitilar kofa, fitilar rufi, da sauransu;0.75 ƙayyadaddun layin ya dace da fitilar farantin lasisi, gaba da baya ƙananan fitilu, fitilar birki, da dai sauransu;Layin ƙayyadaddun 1.0 ya dace da fitilar sigina, fitilar hazo, da sauransu;Layin ƙayyadaddun 1.5 ya dace da fitilar kai, ƙaho, da sauransu;babban layin wutar lantarki kamar janareta armature waya, grounding waya, da dai sauransu yana bukatar 2.5-4mm2 waya.Wannan kawai yana nufin motar gaba ɗaya, maɓallin ya dogara da matsakaicin ƙimar halin yanzu na kaya.Misali, ana amfani da wayar ƙasa na baturi da ingantaccen layin wutar lantarki daban don wayoyin mota.Diamita na waya yana da girman gaske, aƙalla fiye da millimita murabba'i goma.Waɗannan wayoyi na "Big Mac" ba za a haɗa su cikin babban kayan aiki ba.

Kafin shirya kayan aikin wayoyi, yakamata a zana zanen kayan aikin wayoyi a gaba, wanda ya bambanta da tsarin tsarin kewayawa.Zane-zanen da'ira hoto ne da ke bayyana alakar da ke tsakanin sassan lantarki daban-daban.Ba ya nuna yadda aka haɗa na'urorin lantarki da juna, kuma girman da siffar kowane kayan lantarki da tazarar da ke tsakanin su ba ya shafar su.Zane-zane na wayoyi dole ne ya yi la'akari da girma da siffar kowane kayan lantarki da tazarar da ke tsakanin su, sannan kuma ya nuna yadda ake haɗa kayan lantarki da juna.

Ba a bayyana ba

Bayan ma'aikacin masana'antar wayar tarho ya yi allon wayar kamar yadda za a zana wayar, ma'aikacin zai yanke waya da waya kamar yadda ka'idar hukumar ta tanada.Babban kayan aikin gabaɗaya na abin hawa an raba shi zuwa injin (inji, EFI, samar da wutar lantarki, farawa), kayan aiki, hasken wuta, kwandishan, na'urorin lantarki na taimako da sauran sassa, gami da babban kayan aiki da kayan aikin reshe.Babban abin hawan abin hawa yana da na'urorin wayar hannu da yawa, kamar sandar bishiya da reshe.Ƙungiyar kayan aiki ita ce ginshiƙi na babban kayan aiki na dukan abin hawa, wanda ya shimfiɗa baya da baya.Saboda tsayin daka ko taron da ya dace da wasu dalilai, ana raba kayan aikin wayoyi na wasu motocin zuwa kayan doki na kai (ciki har da kayan aiki, injin, taron haske na gaba, kwandishan, baturi), kayan doki na baya (taron fitilar wutsiya, fitilar lasisi, fitilar akwati), kayan aikin rufin (ƙofa, fitilar rufi, ƙaho mai sauti), da sauransu. Kowane ƙarshen kayan doki za a yi masa alama da lambobi da haruffa don nuna abin haɗin wayar.Mai aiki zai iya ganin alamar za a iya haɗa shi daidai da wayoyi masu dacewa da na'urorin lantarki, waɗanda ke da amfani musamman lokacin gyara ko maye gurbin kayan doki.A lokaci guda kuma, an raba launin waya zuwa layin launi ɗaya da layin launi biyu.An kuma ƙayyadadden manufar launi, wanda gabaɗaya shine ma'auni na abin hawa.Ka'idojin masana'antu na kasar Sin sun tsara babban launi kawai, alal misali, ana amfani da baƙar fata guda ɗaya don ƙaddamar da waya, ana amfani da jan monochrome don layin wutar lantarki, wanda ba zai iya ruɗe ba.

Ana nannade kayan aikin waya da waya saƙa ko tef ɗin filastik.Don aminci, sarrafawa da dacewa don kiyayewa, an kawar da sakar waya.Yanzu an nade shi da tef ɗin filastik.Ana amfani da haɗin haɗi ko lugga don haɗi tsakanin kayan aiki da kayan aiki da tsakanin kayan aiki da sassan lantarki.Ana yin haɗin haɗin da filastik kuma yana da filogi da soket.Ana haɗa kayan haɗin waya tare da igiyar waya ta hanyar haɗi, kuma haɗin tsakanin kayan aiki da sassan lantarki ana haɗa su ta hanyar haɗi ko lugga.

Tare da haɓaka aikin mota da kuma yaɗuwar aikace-aikacen fasahar sarrafa lantarki, ƙarin kayan aikin lantarki, da ƙarin wayoyi, da kayan aikin waya za su yi kauri da nauyi.Saboda haka, ci-gaba mota ya gabatar da tsarin bas na CAN, yana amfani da tsarin watsa multix.Idan aka kwatanta da na'urorin wayar tarho na gargajiya, adadin wayoyi da masu haɗawa sun ragu sosai, wanda ke sa na'urar ta fi sauƙi.